No matter how much products you put on your face, you always feel that the skin needs more hydration. Soon as you wipe off all the products at night, your skin becomes dry again, it seems to be a never ending bad cycle. What's really causing your skin to be dry? Have you been using the right ingredients?
Let's first look at the causes for dry skin. According to our dermatology research panel, researchers and doctors agree that dry skin is mainly caused by Three Categories:
1. Water Deprivation
The dermis is the deeper region of the skin that contains more water content. Hyaluronic acid plays an important role in holding the body's water content in the dermis, allowing water to stay in the right place so that the skin feels plump and youthful. However, hyaluronic acid can be lost as we age, and therefore hydration needs to be supplied with hyaluronic acid in order for the skin to be rehydrated. The NO FACE Dermatology Science Formula Molecular Hydrator contains hyaluronic acids in different molecular sizes to penetrate both epidermis and dermis, providing sufficient water rehydration throughout the day. It is worth noting that normal hyaluronic acid molecules are not small enough to penetrate the epidermis, rendering the HA application virtually ineffective.
2. Lipid Deprivation
Lipids are lipophilic fluid contents that are thicker and more occlusive than water. Lipids are made of cholesterol, triglyceride, ceramides and free fatty acids, mainly produced by the skin's sebaceous glands to nourish and soften the dead skin. However, these lipids can be metabolised by the skin's natural enzymes on the surface. Each individual has a different skin microbiome environment, as the bacterial varieties and counts are different by person, we digest the lipids differently, and hormones control the lipid production volume. So if your skin is chronically dry, and if your skin type according to our 4D Skin Assessment contains D and S, then your skin is more likely to be lipid deprived. To compensate for the skin's loss of lipids, it's essential to replenish the lipids and also to stimulate a natural reproduction of these essential lipids. The reason why the Vital Cream is loved by many dry skin types is due to its lipid rich content and the precursors of skin lipids due to its active vitamin and amino acids formula. Over time, the skin's natural ability to produce lipids is enhanced.
3. Barrier Damage
The skin's barrier is in the epidermis level. The cutaneous barrier protects our body against environmental aggressors and so it often gets damaged due to pollution, weather changes and micro trauma. Many factors can cause the pH of the skin barrier to change, and while the skin's natural pH level is around 6-6.5, it can easily become much more acidic or even become alkaline due to daily makeup application and environmental aggressors. This contributes to a pH imbalance, meaning that the microbials would also be imbalanced, causing either a lack of good bacteria or overwhelmed bad bacteria, which all lead to a compromise of the skin barrier environment. They don't usually cause instant irritation or alarming signs of damage, but over time, the skin becomes more prone to be dry, dull with a rough texture. In order to repair damaged skin barrier, it's important to re-balance the skin's pH environment and replenish lipids and hydration. The Vital Cream, BE Active Masque can replenish skin lipids, Molecular Hydrator rehydrates the skin for hyaluronic acids, Glyca provides Niacinamide + Peptides for barrier repairing, and the Photo Corrector reverses UV damage for compromised barrier.
Why Vitamin B3 Niacinamide is Important?
Having said these 3 main categories contributing to dry skin types, but have you ever wondered why you've lost your natural hyaluronic acid so rapidly and why you don't produce enough natural sebum? The answer can be addressed by Niacinamide. Niacinamide has been hyped to be one of the most studied skin ingredients for anti-ageing, anti-pigmentation and anti-acne etc...... few mention its ability to revitalise the skin. Skin revitalisation means re-awakening the skin's natural ability so that it can function in a healthier way, which we often refer to as being youthful. The root benefit of Niacinamide is that it's a communicative ingredient that helps the skin cells communicate better, in a way it re-energizes the skin cells so that they travel to their designated space to function properly. This means that Niacinamide can make Hyarluronic Acid communicate in the dermal level to hydrate the skin better, and with the awakening of different skin cells, the skin's natural moisturising factors (NMF) may also get stimulated to naturally produce more hyaluronic acids, so that the skin can embark on a healthier youthful cycle, and this would be essential to help us age with grace.
With so many Niacinamide products in the market, which ones should we choose? ACTIVITA B contains an extremely high level of Niacinamide to satisfy oily skin types and calm down the sebaceous glands, so for sensitive skin types, it may be a bit too strong, unless diluted with your Molecular Hydrator. The Dermatology Science Formula- Glyca contains 10% Niacinamide with multiple peptides, and this potent combination helps stimulate aged skin and awakens its natural functions to produce hyaluronic acids and collagen, to better firm and lift the skin so over time, the lines become diminished, and it's been reviewed and recommended by dermatologists around the world. Clinical studies show that Glyca can effectively reduce wrinkles and lines over a 3 weeks period. To know more about Glyca, click here